Antibiotic resistance (AMR, antimicrobial resistance) is the result of the ability of microorganisms to resist antimicrobial treatments, such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials and anthelmintics. AMR occurs as a result of changes in the physiology of microorganisms (intrinsic resistance) or through genetic modifications (acquired resistance).
These microorganisms are often called "superbugs" and are the cause of the ineffectiveness of drugs in dealing with the infection, leading to the persistence and increased risk of its spread.
The intensive, excessive and often inappropriate use of antimicrobials in the human or veterinary field and reduced control of infections have significantly accelerated the process of spreading resistant organisms, extending this public health phenomenon to a global level.
Some examples of an incorrect use of antibiotics are attributable to pathological cases where the necessary conditions for their intake do not exist, such as in the case of their use as growth promoters on animals and fish.
In order to tackle the problem effectively, it is necessary to think of a multi-sectoral holistic approach involving different sectors: medicine, zootechnics, agriculture, research, trade and no less important communication.
The American Food & Drug Administration (FDA) estimated that the use of antibiotics relevant to humans and used in farms is more than 80% of the total. Even the European Union, sensitive to the issue of AMR, has dictated a change of course and has provided for the electronic prescription to better control all registers and quantities of therapeutic products purchased.
Demonstrating a significant reduction in the share of antibiotics and drugs used, at least 10%, brings benefits in terms of community contribution and allows you to enter a rewarding virtuous circuit.
In line with market trends, we indicate a possible alternative with the use of natural and dietetic foods with particular nutritional purposes ("functional food") under the Algatan® brand and we also suggest good practices and protocols (utilization-biosecurity) capable of reducing drastically the consumption of antibiotics for both human and veterinary use.
Botanical products and preparations based on plants, algae, fungi and lichens characterizing Antibiotic Free products are widely present on the European market in the form of supplements. Botanical Drugs (BD) are plant materials used for the diagnosis, cure, treatment or prevention of diseases and which may include plants, algae, macroscopic fungi or a combination of them.